UPDATE April 28th 2022
Last night the Government’s inhumane Nationality and Borders Bill became an act of law. We are bitterly concerned about this cruel legislation that will undoubtedly cause harm.
We know the British public want an asylum system that is fair, orderly and humane – this is evident from the outpouring of welcome shown to people fleeing Ukraine and Afghanistan. The Government is out of step with the people, and through this harmful Act is demonstrates its prioritisation of control over compassion and competence.
However, the fight is far from over. We won’t give up.
Please read and share our blog to help raise awareness of the extend of the cruelty of this Act.
We know a different future is possible. A future where refugees are protected not punished.
You can check which stage of the parliamentary process the Nationality and Borders Bill is at on the Parliament website.
Bills usually start in the House of Commons, but occasionally will begin life in the House of Lords. The process is almost identical in either case.
The process in the House of Lords
There is a first reading in both the House of Commons and House of Lords. This is an opportunity for the Bill to be introduced to the House. There is no debate or vote at this stage.
There is a second reading both in the House of Commons and House of Lords. The second reading is the first opportunity each house gets to debate the Bill. At the end of the stage MPs or Lords have to agree for the Bill to pass to the next stage. If they don’t agree, the Bill falls.
A Committee Stage occurs in Both the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
In the House of Commons a select committee of MPs scrutinise the Bill line-by-line. MPs on the committee can table amendments at this stage.
In the House of Lords, all peers are involved in line-by-line scrutiny of the Bill. Peers can table amendments at this stage.
This is the last opportunity to amend the Bill in the House of Commons.
Following the Report Stage, the Bill has its Third Reading which is a summing up and debate on the amended Bill. In the House of Lords, the Bill can be amended at this stage, in the House of Commons a Bill can’t be changed at the third reading.
The Bill returns to the House of Commons, where MPs can accept, reject, or amend amendments that have been made to the Bill.
The Bill “pings” back to the Lords, who consider the Commons’ response to their amendments. If the House of Lords insists on any of their amendments, then the Bill will return once again to the Commons.
The Bill “ping pongs” until both Houses agree on it.
The last stage of the Bill where the Queen signals that she gives it her approval.
The Bill then becomes law.